The Evolution of Web Protocols

Title: The Evolution of Web Protocols

Authors: Kelly, B.

Journal/Conference:  Journal of Documentation, Vol. 55, No. 1 January 1999, pp. 82-95.


The evolution of web protocols, Kelly, B. Journal of Documentation, Vol. 55, No. 1 January 1999, pp. 82-95.

Author Details

The author of this paper is:

You can view Brian Kelly’s Google+ page. His email address is currently


This paper outlines the evolution of World Wide Web protocols. The paper reviews the original protocols developed for the web, in addressing, transport and data formats. A review of developments of the protocols is given, including developments of web data formats (HTML 4.0, cascading stylesheets and XML), transport (HTTP/1.1 and HTTP/NG) and addressing (URLs). The paper describes how the web initially lacked a metadata architecture and outlines the emergence of a metadata architecture for the web. The paper includes a review of web technologies which have a social impact on our society, including the Web Accessibility Initiative, the Digital Signature Initiative and the Platform for Privacy Preferences Project.



Feel free to use the comment facility to ask questions, provide feedback, etc.